The rise of regionalism and nationalism is a result of many aspects of globalisation. Many people are affected by globalization, like losing their jobs or having their cultural identity taken away. Due to the aspects that affect the whole planet and all nations are affected and nationalism rises everywhere.
Globalisation is about the worldwide transfer of ecological, ideological, technological and cultural goods.
An example of ecological/ ideological goods is the genetic modificated corn from the USA which will, due to TTIP, be shipped to the EU.
Examples of technological goods are the Internet and the social networks in it.
They affect people by spreading information very fast but wrong information can also be spread very fast resulting in confusion.
An example for the cultural goods is the possibility of visiting every country very fast. Many tourists do not know the culture of the country they are visiting and end up violating the connected rules to the culture.
Nationalism is the wish of the maintenance of the own origin.
It is also about the concern of jobs that are in danger due to a world market that is too large.
Although it is mostly shown as a bad thing (especially in Germany, it is mostly brought in touch with the Nazism), it is about the strengthening of the own environment.
There are also some festivals in every country that strengthen the national feeling, like the carnival in Rio, the Octoberfest in Munich or the Schützenfest here in Neuss.
Just like nationalism, regionalism is about the importance of one’s own origin or the strengthening of one’s own environment. It is just a bit more compressed because it is about the region inside a country. With this said there are also festivals that strengthen the regional/national feeling like the Schützenfest here in Neuss.
To resolve the problems that occur due to the bad effects of the globalisation, like the fear of different opinions or losing jobs, a worldwide standard should be elaborated.